Toxic Food

Toxic Food

Toxic food is a massive issue.  Did you know that a high proportion (up to 75%) of all spending in the UK medical centre is on chronic conditions. So these are things such as headaches, migraines, ear infections, irritable bowel, weight issues and psoriasis.  However, pharmaceutical medicine is best suited for treating acute conditions. Holistic medical treatment delivers superior results for chronic conditions. One of the reasons for this is that pharmaceutical medicinal treatments focus on the diagnosed symptoms. Holistic medicine tries to get to the root cause.

Toxic Food –  Food Allergy Test

Most people are oblivious that the food they consume might to the cause of many of their health issues. So there’s plenty to of information on how to eat healthily.  However, even foods that are generally considered healthy might poison certain people.  You should have a food allergy test to identify if you have developed any food allergies. Avoiding those foods will improve your wellbeing and health.

Almost all everyone at some point experiences symptoms such as aches, skin rash, indigestion, and other non-threatening conditions.  It is not just an age thing as young children also experience these conditions.  Take adults and children with conditions such as ADHD or autism. They often enjoy remarkable results to changes in their diets after having had food allergy tests.  By making some simple alterations in your diet you can dramatically improve your well being. This is especially the case if you eliminate certain toxic foods.

Toxic Food – Cancer prevention

By eating healthier foods and reducing or eliminating the toxins in our bodies we create an environment which makes it harder for diseases like cancer to develop. Generally lifestyles of busy people has meant a trend towards convenience and processed foods. The type of foods are in the main no good for us and in some cases poisonous and toxic.

Below are a list of foods that can be considered toxic for our bodies:

Toxic Food – Processed Meats

Processed meats such as bacon, hot dogs, salamis contain the chemical sodium nitrite. Sodium nitrate is a preservative and creates the pink colour of meat.  It is also used in smoked and pickled foods and also in cheese and some beer. During the digestive process sodium nitrite is converted into nitrosamine which is a carcinogen.

Toxic Food – Refined sugar

Cancer feeds on sugar in the blood stream. Blood sugar levels should be kept at a reasonable level.  Eating foods that are high in refine sugar content increases the opportunity for cancer cells to develop.  Cutting out refined sugar will improve your overall health and immune system. It lowers the risk of cancer cells developing.

Toxic Food – Refined or simple carbohydrates

Refined carbohydrates include foods such are white bread and white rice.  Refined and processed carbohydrates strip away beneficial fibre.  Try to reduce your intake of simple carbohydrates and look for healthier alternatives.

Toxic Food – Hydrogenated oils, Trans Fats, and Acrylamides

Hydrogenated oils, with trans fats are used because they prolong shelf life of some foods. Hydrogenated oils are produced by heating oils with other substances. This results in healthy fatty acids being replaced with trans fats. This type of fat dangerous for your heart and creates the ideal breeding ground for cancer. Acrylamides are fats that are produced when frying food.  Test on rats have shown that acrylamides can cause cancer.

Toxic Food – Chips

Chips and french fries are usually deep fried in hydrogenated oil.  They contain simple carbohydrates that quickly change to sugar level in our blood.

Toxic Food – Fried desserts and snacks

The mix of hydrogenated oils, refined flour, sugar, and frying can potentially cause cancer.  Foods like donuts fall into this category.

Toxic Food – Crisps

Toxic food
Toxic food

Most crisps are fried and contain trans fats, sugar and simple carbohydrates.

Toxic Food – Fizzy drinks

Fizzy drinks with high sugar content (and even their sugar free alternatives) should be avoided at all cost if you don’t want add to chemicals and sugar in your blood.  Drink water instead.



Incorporating so called superfoods into your diet has to be beneficial. So it is clear that a healthy diet is integral to your well being and reduces your risk of disease. To enhance your health and wellbeing further and reduce your chance of unpleasant disease why not incorporate some of the these foods below into your meal plans. These superfoods contain high levels of phytonutrients.  They are are proven to be powerful in fighting disease. So exactly which foods make the superfood list are open to debate. Needless to say they have high nutritional content play an important part in protecting against chronic disease.

Superfoods – Broccoli

This green superfood should be included in everyone’s diet. Broccoli is a great source of fiber and vitamin C. It is part of the “cabbage family” of vegetables and contains isothiocyanates, which are thought to prevent types of cancer.

Superfoods – Watercress

This green super food is best eaten raw as heat can destroy its beneficial qualities. Watercress is contains nasturtin, which convert during digestion into Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC). PEITC has been studied for its potential to prevent prostate cancer.

Superfoods – Spinach

Spinach is a superfood packed with health benefits. Spinach is high in vitamins K, A and C and flavonoids. It is a high nutritional value but is low in calories. Spinach is thought to help prevent chronic diseases.

Superfoods – Kale

Kale is in the brassica family of vegetables along with broccoli and watercress. Kale has a high content of isothiocyanates thought to prevent cancer. It is loaded with vitamins A, C and E and is thought to have cardiovascular benefits.

Superfoods – Tomatoes

Tomatoes are a high source of lycopene which is a strong antioxidant that is believed to prevent prostate cancer. The lycopenes in tomatoes are absorbed best by the body when tomatoes are cooked. So tomato sauce is a great way to get the benefits that tomatoes offer.

Superfoods – Green tea

Green tea is a great source of catechins which are believed to prevent some of chronic diseases, including cancer and heart disease.

Superfoods – Walnuts

Walnuts contain high levels of omega-3 fatty acids. These help to lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. In addition, walnuts are rich in fibre and vitamins E and the B. It is best to eat walnuts in moderation as they are high in calories.

Superfoods – Blueberries and Rasberries

Superfoods - blueberries
Superfoods – blueberries

Blueberries have one of the highest antioxidant levels of any fruits. Blueberries contain anthocyanins which are powerful antioxidants. These help protect nerve cells which control motor skills, learning and memory we get older.

Raspberries like blueberries are a great source of anthocyanins because they taste sweet, they are a great alternative to eating high calorie desserts and other sweat snacks.

Superfoods – Apples

Apples are high in flavonoids, which have antioxidants and also vitamin C. Eating apples has been related with a reduced risk of having a stroke and also diabetes.

Superfoods – Yogurt

Yogurt contains probiotic which are friendly bacteria the health of the intestinal tract and the immune system. Yoghurt is a great source of calcium and protein.

Superfoods – Wild salmon

Wild salmon has a high content of omega-3-fatty acids that help to lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It’s important to select wild salmon since farm raised salmon may be contaminated with potential cancer causing substances such as PCBs and dioxanes.

Superfoods – Flaxseed

Flax seed is high in omega-3 fatty acids and are believed to protect health of your heart and reduce inflammation in your body. Flaxseed are also high in lignans, which are believed to prevent or slow down the growth of tumours. So to get the benefit of flax seeds they need to be ground as whole seeds just pass through the body without benefit as they are undigested.

Superfoods – Avocados

Avocados contain oleic acid which is a monounsaturated fat. Furthermore it is believed to lower risk of heart disease as well as lower cholesterol levels. In addition avocados are rich in potassium and fibre.  They do contain more calories than most fruits and vegetables so don’t eat too many.

What your dog should not eat

What your dog should not eat

What your dog should not eat might be surprising to you. Read the last of three articles on this subject.

What your dog should not eat – Cooked Bones

Some cooked bones can be dangerous for your dog, because they can be more brittle.  This means the chance of them splintering is greater which means they could cause an internal injury to your dog. Raw bones far better for your dog’s and are beneficial for his teeth.

What your dog should not eat – Cooking dough

Your dog should not eat uncooked bread dough which is made with live yeast.  If raw dough is swallowed by your dog, the stomach’s warm and moist environment is the ideal surroundings for the yeast to expand and multiply. This increasing mass of dough in the stomach can be enough to slow the wall of stomach, resulting in tissue dying.

What your dog should not eat – Cat Food

If your dog may a bit of cat food, it is likely not to be an issue. However, it is not advisable for your dog to eat cat food for a prolonged period of time.  This is because cat food usually has higher protein and fat levels which are unhealthy for dogs.

What your dog should not eat – Fat Trimmings

If your dog eats fat trimmings of meat, whether cooked or raw, it can create pancreatitis. The symptoms are may include a very painful abdomen, lack of appetite, depression, a ‘hunched up’ posture, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhoea and fever.

What your dog should not eat – Liver

Feeding your dog liver occasionally probably won’t cause any issues.  However, too much liver consumption of liver can affect your dog’s muscles and bones in a negative way.

What your dog should not eat – Dairy Products

Dogs in general are relatively lactose intolerant.  Eating dairy products or drinking  can result is diarrhoea and other digestive problems.  Not all dog are effected.

What your dog should not eat – Fish

If your dog eats a limited quantity amount of fish in it is unlikely to cause any dietary issues. However, if you dog eats a high quantity of fish it can result in a vitamin B deficiency.  This can lead to loss of appetite, muscle seizures and in some severe cases even death.

What your dog should not eat
What your dog should not eat

What your dog should not eat – vitamin supplements for humans

Some human vitamins supplements can be poisonous for dogs.  This is particularly the case for vitamins A, D and E which are dissolvable in fat. Iron supplements can cause damage the the lining of your dog’s digestive system.  They can be toxic for a dog’s liver and kidneys.

What your dog should not eat – Snacks for Humans

Some snacks for humans sometimes include ingredients like onion and garlic powder, raisins, sweet and chocolate which can be poisonous for dogs. We probably shouldn’t be eating them ourselves.  Give your dog snacks and treats made specifically for them.

What your dog should not eat – Old Food

It s unlikely that you enjoy old or mouldy food, so why would your dog? The bacteria in old of mouldy food can contain different toxins that can be harmful to your dog.

What your dog should not eat – Leftovers

It feels almost unnatural not to give a dog leftovers.  However, if that is what you give your dog on a regular basis leftovers it is unlikely he is getting a proper diet. If you do give him scraps, make sure any bones taken out and fat is removed.

In summary, you should check the ingredients and know what is in the food you’re giving your dog.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods

Don’t feed your dogs these foods

Don’t feed your dogs these foods or it can be very bad for their health and wellbeing. You might feel tempted to share food with your dog, but you are probably not aware that many foods we humans eat are in fact toxic for dogs. Truth be known we probably shouldn’t be eating some of them ourselves! So below are some more foods that you should never feed your dog.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Fruits, vegetables, salad and nuts

Fruits, vegetables and salads are generally considered very healthy for humans, but certain types should not be given to dogs to eat.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Apple Pips, Apricot, Peach and Plum Stones

Apple Pips, Apricot, Peach and Plum Stones contain a form of cyanide called amygdlin. It is a poisonous cyanogenic glycoside found in many plants. It can prevent blood from transporting oxygen around the body. Dogs may not have any issues if they eat the flesh of a peach, but the stones must be avoided. They may cause a dog to have dilated pupils of the eyes, giddiness and unusual dribbling. Plum stones might have similar effects to peach stones and also might make t hard for your dog to breath and may also put the dog in a state of shock.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Avocado

Avocado fruits and stones are poisonous for dogs. It can damage their hearts, lungs and other soft tissue. It can also create upset stomach and vomiting and inflammation of the pancreas.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Grapes & Raisins

Dogs often have allergic reactions after eating grapes and raisins. Eating grapes and raisins may cause a dog to vomit, be tired, have diarrhoea, and even have severe kidney problems.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Corn on the cob

Dogs can eat the corn, but should not eat the cob. This is because most dogs are unable to digest cob. It can therefore result in an obstruction in the intestine, which can be very painful. An intestinal obstruction can be a very serious condition and may even prove fatal if the condition is not treated by a vet right away.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Macadamia Nuts

Consumption of Macadamia nuts by dogs can cause weakness, fever, depression, vomiting, muscle tremors and even hyperthermia. These are non-fatal conditions but nonetheless unpleasant. Exactly why Macadamia nuts are toxic for dogs is unclear, but best avoided.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Mushrooms

As with humans, mushrooms can be complicated. Some mushrooms varieties are fine to consume, others can be poisonous for dogs. Consumption by dogs of certain mushrooms can cause serious stomach upsets. It is probably best to avoid allowing your dog to consume mushrooms.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Onions

Onions are not good for dogs. You should prevent your dog eating both raw or cooked onions. A small consumption of onions on a daily basis for a few weeks, may cause the your dog to develop anemia over weeks to months.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Chives

If dogs consume chives it can cause hemolysis, which is a rupture or destruction of red blood cells. It can also cause anemia, which is a deficiency of red cells or the haemoglobin in the dogs blood.

Don't feed your dog these foods
Don’t feed your dog these foods

Also consumption of chive can cause hemoglobinuria, a condition where haemoglobin is excreted in the urine. Symptoms in dogs of eating too many chives include weakness, tiredness and discoloured urine.

Don’t feed your dogs these foods – Tomato Leaves

The leaves of tomato plants have the glycoalkaloids ‘alpha-tomatine’ and ‘dehydrotomatine’ which are poisonous for dogs. If your dog eats tomato leaves you might see him dribbling, having an upset stomach, possibly diarrhoea and vomiting. Muscle tremors and seizures might also occur.

Click here to see the last part of what your dog should not eat.

Foods never to feed your dog

Foods never to feed your dog

Foods never to feed your dog is not a concept many people consider. After all, if we as humans can eat something, surely it is fine for our dogs to eat. It is a fact and there are some foods that you should never feed your dog

Foods never to feed your dog
Foods never to feed your dog
under any circumstance. Whilst there may be variations dependent on the breed of dog and its weight generally below are some foods that your dog should not eat. As this is an important topic which I am going to cover over three articles.


Foods never to feed your dog – Sugar confectionary

Sugar confectionary includes all sweets, candy, chewing gum and chocolate. They are simply not good for Fido and actually although they taste yummy, they are not good for you.

Foods never to feed your dog – Chewing Gum

Most chewing gum contains Xylitol, a type of sugar. It is known to cause an unhealthy spike in insulin in dogs. This can drop the blood sugar of the dog to dangerous level. If a dog consumes a large quantity of chewing gum, it can create damage to the kidneys and liver. Apparently Xylitol does not have this affect on us humans!

Foods never to feed your dog – Sweets and Candies

Just like chewing gum, lots of types sweets and candies also have Xylitol in them. For the same reason as explained above, sweets are not good for your dog.

Foods never to feed your dog – Chocolate

Chocolate can be toxic for dogs. This is because chocolate contains Theobromine, which is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plants. It can create vomiting and diarrhoea and even worse damage the heart and nervous system of a dog.

Foods never to feed your dog – Drinks

There are certain drinks that you should not allow your dog to drink. Some pose a more serious threat to your dog than others. See below:

Foods never to feed your dog – Alcohol

Your dog should never consume alcohol. You shouldn’t even allow your dog taste any kind of alcohol, even licking you finger that has dipped in wine or beer. The principle contents of beer, wine, and other alcoholic drinks are toxic and quite simply are dangerous for dogs to consume. If a dog drinks alcohol may cause bad breathing, high acidity in the blood, a loss of coordination and possibly even put your dog in a coma or cause him to die.

Foods never to feed your dog – Coffee and caffeine

Ingesting a large quantity of coffee can be toxic for your dog and indeed for yourself. If your dog drinks too much coffee it is likely to cause the dog to vomit, have tremors and increase the heart rate. In some cases it can create seizures and dogs can even collapse if high quantities of caffeine are consumed.

Foods never to feed your dog – Milk

Many dogs happily drink milk and most won’t experience any issues. However, like with humans some dogs might be lactose intolerant. This mean that after drinking milk containing lactose, your dog may have an allergic reaction and get upset stomach and diarrhoea.

Foods never to feed your dog – Citrus fruit juice

Citrus fruit juice such as lemons, limes and oranges can cause stomach irritation for your dog, particularly if large volumes are consumed. Your dogs may have diarrhoea, vomiting, dribbling and trembling.

Foods never to feed your dog – Tobacco

Never ever give your dog tobacco or allow him to get access to it. The toxicity effect of nicotine on dogs is significantly higher than that on humans, in fact twice as toxic. A level of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight is potentially fatal.

Click here for more foods you should never feed your dog

Caring for your tattoo

Caring for your tattoo

Caring for your tattoo is perhaps the most important factor when you initially have body inking done, but also for the long term.  When people get tattoos they are excited and can’t wait to see the final product. So they spend time selecting the perfect designs for their body art, on the size, the colours and the placement to make sure that it turns out just as they imagined it. However, the most important thing factor is how to care for the tattoo once it has been inked. Poor care of your tattoo increases the chance of infection which prevents the skin healing process.  The end result can be a less desirable looking tattoo:

Caring for your tattoo – professional advice

Assuming you are having your tattoo done by a professional tattoo artist, they should be in a good position to offer you best advice on how to care for it.  They can guide you on how to act until the skin is completely healed

Caring for your tattoo – general advice

There are a number of basic factors which you should adopt to the general care of your tattoo to permit proper healing.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – bandages

Allow the bandages to remain in place for a good few hours after the tattoo artist has finished his work.  So he will advise you on this, but the bandages allow any blood or secretions to be absorbed and taken away from the skin.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – washing

Caring for your tattoo
Caring for your tattoo

The use of gentle antibacterial soap with is unscented is recommended.  Wash the area often throughout the day to avoid infection.   This washing process should be continued for at about three weeks until the skin has completely healed. So strong antibacterial detergents and soaps should be avoided as they can delay the skin’s natural healing process.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – hydration

After washing the tattooed area, apply a special healing ointment to keep the area hydrated.  This can speed up the healing process and helps the body art to be in the best possible condition.  So later you can use other moisturisers of your choice.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – clothing

It is ill-advised to wear tight clothing over the area where you have the new tattoo. You don’t want the material to rub on the tattoo’s surface as it might become damaged.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – sleep position

Try to adopt a sleep position that limits the chance of rubbing against the tattoo as it can hinder the healing process.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – pools and the sea

It is best to avoid completely swimming pools, Jacuzzis, hot tubs, the sea and the ocean during the healing process.  The healing process can also be delayed with sun exposure and the area getting sweaty. So taking a shower should be brief and not too warm so that the tattoo is not damaged.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – picking and scratching

On no account should you pick, scratch or peal the tattooed area. So the secret is to let the body art heal as naturally to enjoy best results and colours of your tattoo.

Caring for your tattoo – general advice – aftercare products

Buy the best tattoo aftercare creams and ointments that you can afford. Quality products reduce the risk of infection and inflammation of the tattooed area.  So they help repair and hydrate the skin and keep a tattoo looking great.

Tattoos Permanent versus Temporary

Tattoos Permanent versus Temporary

Tattoos permanent versus temporary is a decision anyone wanting a tattoo can now make. The option of having temporary tattoos is perhaps one of the reason tattoos have become increasingly popular. Some people like the idea of having permanent markings on their body. This is perhaps what attracted them to tattoos in the first place. It made a statement of who they are and was a way for them to publically or privately (depending on the placement of the inking) express themselves. Others however are not prepared to make the decision to permanently mark their bodies for a number of reasons, each being specific to their own situation. Inking the body with tattoos is a type of skin pigment implantation. There are two options for tattooing or pigment implantation: permanent and temporary.

Tattoos Permanent versus Temporary – Permanent

As the name states these are tattoos that by their very nature permanently add a colour to the skin pigment. With age the colour of tattoos slowly fade out, however they never completely go unless you undertake certain treatments. The obvious treatment for removing a tattoo is is laser surgery. Laser treatment can be used to remove the colour pigments from skin. The cost of doing so is very expensive and the process itself is exceptionally painful. The cost to remove a permanent tattoo is far greater than the original cost of having the ink work in the first place. Therefore it is vital to be certain that you really want to have a permanent tattoo before you start getting inked up.

Tattoos Permanent versus Temporary – Temporary

Temporary tattoos are very different to permanent ones. It is only the epidermis, which is the outer layers of skin which is coloured. As skin cells die the tattoo will fade out. Usually, temporary tattoos last for 2-3 weeks, but it clearly depend on how it is cared for. If you wash the tattooed area with soay and hot water it is likely to fade more quickly.

Tattoos Permanent versus Temporary – Differences

Apart from the obvious, several differences exist between permanent and temporary tattoos as can be see below.

Differences – After effects

When you have a permanent tattoo it takes more than three weeks for your skin to heal. During this time, you have to keep water completely away from the area.

Tattoos permanent versus temporary banner
Tattoos permanent versus temporary

With temporary skin colouring, there is no healing time as there is no damage made to your skin. One exception to this might be if your skin is allergic to the colours used. You can wash the tattoo off anytime you like with hot water and soap. It usually takes two to three weeks to fade away naturally.

Differences – Pain

The process of inking your body permanently is very painful and you need to have a reasonable high pain threshold to bear it. On the other hand, for temporary ones, no pain at all is experienced as it is only paints and stickers that are used to make the body markings.

Differences – Blood

Although it is nothing to squirm about, you do see some blood with permanent skin pigmentation. But of course with temporary colouring, there is never any blood seen from your skin.

Differences – Cost

Having is a costly affair and a permanent body inking can be a very costly, but this of course will depend on the intricacy and time it take for the artist to complete the design. Again for temporary tattoos the bigger and more complicated the design, the longer it takes the artist to do, the more expensive it will be. But in general comparing like for like, permanent body art will cost you significantly more than temporary body art.


Tattoos Common Misconceptions

Tattoos Common Misconceptions

Tattoos Common Misconceptions come from all sort of people. Tattoos can be a great way for people to express themselves and convey how they feel. However they become hesitant about proceeding due to the misconceptions of people around them. They worry what people will think of them and assume about them if they have body inkings.

This is quite a usual reaction when people are considering their first tattoo. Very often it is the people closest who make negative remarks and start to make judgements. Common misconceptions and judgments about people with tattoos are as follows:

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – people with tattoos are weird

People think this because not everyone wants to have body inkings over their body. It is particularly the case if someone has colourful graphic tattoos in very visible placements on their body. If the design is different or unusual, people might associate that person as being someone who is different and unusual. People are often quick to judge and come to conclusions.

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – people with tattoos live an unconventional lifestyle

Tattoos Common Misconceptions
Tattoos Common Misconceptions


Some might think that people with tattoos are weird and live abnormal lives, or have strange thoughts running through their heads. Because they assume this they further might consider that that people with tattoos like unconventional things. They might consider that people with body paint will make unusual choices in their lives.

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – people with tattoos attention seekers

There are always people who will assume someone with tattoos is trying to attract attention to themselves. The same type of person might assume the same of people who make different lifestyle choices or decisions which don’t conform to main street.

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – people with tattoos are impulsive

With the miscomprehension that someone is weird because they have a tattoo and that because it’s likely to lead to negative consequences, there will be those who might conclude that that decision to have body inking was made in haste and without thinking. They then might assume that people with tattoos are generally impulsive and the type of people who don’t think matters through in a careful way.

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – people with tattoos will regret their decision

As stated above, some people think that getting tattooed is a result of impulse behaviour. It then results that if decisions are made with little thought, it’s likely that they be regretted. If you follow the thought process further, being tattooed is painful and not easy to remove. So, when someone loses their appreciation for the particular body art, in can be deduced that eventually all people who have tattoos eventually come to regret.

Tattoos Common Misconceptions – summary

The above are some of the common misconceptions or prejudgments that people hear once they are tattooed. So those who are thinking of getting their first tattoo need to prepare for possible negative comments and be confident that they can shake them off. At the end of the day, having a piece of body art is a very personal matter and if someone decides it is what they want it is their prerogative to do so.

If you want to have a piece of body art on your skin, it should be just fine. It’s your right to do whatever you want as long as nobody suffers because of your act. Art is beautiful, and it becomes even more beautiful if it is done with no harm intended.




Everyone has their own views about tattoos. Some people love them whiles other don’t. It’s kind of a Marmite, ´love it hate it’ thing. Over the past fifty years, tattoos have gradually become more accepted in modern society. Previously having a body art was viewed by some as being rebellious. So clearly even today there are those who dislike the idea of permanent markings on the body, but views have softened.

Tattoos – History

The word ‘tattoo’ comes from a Tahitian word ‘tatu’ – to mark something. So how long have tattoos been about?
In 1991, the amazing natural mummy nicknamed ‘The Iceman’ was discovered in the Ötztal Alps on the Austria-Italian border. The man who is dated to have lived between 3359 and 3105 BC would now be 5300 years old. The Iceman had a total of 61 tattoos on his body. These were a collection of black lines 3mm thick and 7-40mm long. They were groups of parallel lines running vertically on the lumbar spine, as well as the left wrist, right ankle and behind the right knee with several


markings or ‘tattoos’ on his legs. Closer examination revealed that the tattoos were made from a pigment of soot or fireash.
So it goes without saying that tattoos are not a modern concept and have been around for thousands of years.

Tattoos – Origin

Body art was used in ancient cultures thousands of years ago as it was believed it would protect a person from disease. The use of needles with ink to mark a body was initially used in Egypt. It then spread to Greece and Arabia and then to Asia. Initially tattoos were used to mark criminals to make it easy to identify them. It was in Japan where tattoos were changed into a form of art. The Japanese mafia used tattoos to intimidate people. Several centuries back wealthy families had their family crests tattooed on their bodies, but this gradually was phased out.

Tattoos – Tools

The tools and equipment employed for tattooing have changed significantly over the years. Originally pieces of sharp bone were use, eventually electric machines, and now modern electric pens. So having your body tattooed has become fairly simple, which is perhaps why it has lost some of its appeal to those who were being inked to stand out and express themselves.

Over recent years the art of body tattoos has become very popular again all over the world. These days it s estimated that 3-4 people out of 10 have some time of body tattoo. So with the advent of temporary ink the market for tattoos exploded. It became more appealing to many people who liked the idea of tattoos, but didn’t like the idea of permanent body marks. The trend is sure to continue.

Getting the first tattoo

Getting the first tattoo

Getting the first tattoo can be both a terrifying yet exciting thought. People get tattoos for all sorts of reasons.
Most people have lots of questions. The good news is you can do plenty of research to get those questions answered. Some questions include: the cost, how much it will hurt and whether it is safe. When getting a first tattoo, here are some things to consider:

Getting the first tattoo – don’t rush into it

There is no need to rush into getting your first tattoo. In fact taking time before you get your first tattoo is advised. The most important part of the first tattoo is the design and style. You should look online to research the design options even before you go to see a tattoo artist. If you want a unique design you can ask the tattoo artist to do a sketch for you on paper. Most importantly, don’t actually get your tattoo until you are completely happy with the artwork and design.

Getting the first tattoo – research the artist and tattoo parlour

Knowing where to get your tattoo is the next most important aspect of getting your first tattoo. You need to check and research the artist and tattoo parlour. Often people go by personal recommendation, but otherwise you can go online and check reviews on social media sites. Once you have identified a couple of possible artists and tattoo parlours, it is best to go to visit them in person to get to know the tattoo artist, his place of work and its standards in terms of hygiene. Get all your research done and be completely informed before you actually have your tattoo.

Getting the first tattoo – ask questions

Asking questions to your tattoo artist is really important. A professional artist will understand your concerns and be happy to answer all of your questions In addition they will ensure you are completely relaxed before you actually start getting a tattoo. If you don’t feel comfortable with the tattoo artist or don’t get all your questions answered, its probably best to keep looking until you find an artist you are 100% comfortable with. This is of course a very personal matter.

Getting the first tattoo – placement

Some people want large visible tattoos to make a statement or show off their personalities and styles. Very often, this isn’t often the case for the person getting their first tattoo. If you are getting a tattoo for personal enjoyment or for someone you want to share it with, then you need to find a more discrete placement for the tattoo.

Getting the first tattoo
Getting the first tattoo

Also is can be important to have the tattoo in a discrete place if you need to keep it out of site for work reasons or future employment prospects. Fortunately, there are plenty of discrete spots on the body where you can do. A few examples are: the inner wrist, the ankle, behind the ear, under feet, between fingers, inner lip, under breasts (for women) under the armpit.

Getting the first tattoo – bargain hunting

So you have taken your time and pinned down the exact design you want. You have successfully researched the tattoo parlour and have got comfortable with the tattoo artist. All your questions have been answered and you’ve even decided the cheeky placement spot for your first tattoo.The very worst thing you can now do is start bargain hunting. If you have done your research and your criteria above have been met, don’t start looking for cheap or bargain options as this increases the chances of inferior work standards and even infection. Of course you shouldn’t pay over the odds and should compare prices between a couple of artists, but don’t let price become your determining criteria.